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Syria


Published November 20, 2012


November 1

Interpellation

2012/13: 88 Syria

by Carina Hägg (S)*

to Foreign Minister Carl Bildt (M)*

Since the conflict in Syria began, more than 2,5 million people found themselves in a situation where they are short of food, hygiene and essential goods. Over 1,2 million people have been displaced within the country, and 294,005 people have taken refuge abroad to avoid the gunfire and bombings, and to save themselves from attacks and violence. The refugee camps in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq are very strained. Many refugees are living in tents, and winter will further aggravate the situation. There is also an acute shortage of food, supplies, hygiene products and housing. Systematic and gross violations have been documented by the regime, but also from the armed resistance movement. Documentation should be the basis for legal processes.

International Criminal Court should be given the opportunity to investigate suspected violations and crimes and to collect evidence. Requirement of impunity for those who committed crimes against humanity should be rejected.

The European Council has called on its members not to return asylum seekers from Syria, but give them protection and refuge. Sweden is one of the few countries that have responded to the call. At the same time, I would urge the government to continue to encounter their European colleagues that they should take responsibility. An action plan for further settlements should be established.

The Parliamentary Assembly of the European Council has also condemned the use of violence and abuse of human rights in Syria. The international community's relative silence and inaction in relation to flows of refugees to neighboring countries has lasted far too long and it is time to react and take necessary action. The Assembly also recommends that Member States of the European Council and countries bordering on Syria, including Israel, will open all of their border crossing of refugees from Syria. The outside world, including Sweden, have a responsibility to help in the difficult situation that has arisen. This applies both to take responsibility for the national refugee protection and to provide assistance to the neighboring countries which have received the largest refugee movements. It is entirely reasonable that Sweden and the EU contributes to neighboring countries host. More people need to take responsibility for the millions of people affected. The countries bordering Syria, including Israel, should open their borders. They should not stop people from crossing the border or send back asylum seekers. Third country refugees' situation should be considered, and among them are many Palestinians. It is unacceptable that transparency in refugee camps stopped that happening today. In camp on the Turkish side, for example, visits from humanitarian organizations and human rights organizations stopped, but also from its own MPs.

The different groups of domestic opposition needs to unite in order to be considered a legitimate option. A political platform needs to be presented. All Syrian citizens, regardless of ethnic origin, culture or religion should be held in a peaceful, democratic and pluralist Syria. It is worrying that it flows into financial aid and weapons to sectarian groups. From Europe joins traveling jihadists. These activities also create fear among Syrians about what may come after an inevitable transit Session of power. The participants in the Geneva meeting on Syria's future agreed on a common document also provides for a transitional government. We have to ensure that the UN resolutions 1325 and 1820 did not recur in the background.

You have to respect that the conflict in Syria is complicated. Assad is a brutal dictator who carry out attacks on his own people, but we know that countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran, Qatar and terrorist groups like al-Qaeda have their own interests in the conflict. However, it is necessary for the establishment of no-fly zones, so-called humanitarian corridors for the fugitives, monitored by the UN. Health care facilities are attacked, as well as humanitarian workers. A cynical crime has followed in its wake. The civil war in Syria is a human disaster. UN special envoy Lakhdar Brahimi deserves all the support. Ceasefire is a prerequisite for the peaceful transition that awaited. We regret vetoes in the UN Security Council.

There is an obvious risk that the war between Bashar al-Asad's regime and rebels may be headed into a more violent phase, which means additional strain on Syria's neighbors who risk more significantly drawn into the conflict. Prior to the development needs more take responsibility, then it is not good enough to reviewing the development environment, the need for more action.

What initiatives is the foreign minister and the government prepared to take in response to the anticipated development of the war in Syria?

What initiatives is the foreign minister and the government prepared to take to prepare for the construction of a post-conflict Syria?

What initiatives is the foreign minister and the government prepared to take in light of crime, such as trafficking of women and children fleeing?

What initiatives is the foreign minister and the government prepared to take the occasion of the refugee situation?

What initiatives is the foreign minister and the government prepared to take the occasion of UN resolutions 1225 and 1820?

(S) = Social Democrats
(M) = Moderate Party


Run time 00:25:01
Producer Swedish Parliament
Production Company Swedish Parliament
Audio/Visual sound, color
Language Swedish
Contact Information http://www.riksdagen.se

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